IndII Completion Report
The Indonesia infrastructure Initiative (IndII),a A$235 million Australian Government (GoA) program to promote sustainable economic growth, supported the Government of Indonesia (GoI) to enhance infrastructure policy, planning and investment. IndII Phase I began in July 2008, followed by second Phase which operated between 2011 and June 2015. A number of extensions to IndII’s operations saw technical programming continue up to April/May 2017, prior to the completion of the facility’s operations in June 2017.
Since 2008, IndII has worked across a broad range of infrastructure sectors and issues. During Phase II, which is the focus of this report, IndII programming was consolidated to focus primarily on two sectors: water and sanitation (Watsan) and transport, as well as some cross-sectoral issues covering infrastructure finance and governance.
Increasing local government responsibility for communal scale sanitation Part 2: Using Regional Budget (APBD) to support post-construction sustainability of communal sanitation

The research focused on the national and local levels. At the national level, a review was undertaken of the program guidelines for SANIMAS (communal scale sanitation) including engagement with the Ministry of Public Works. Guidance was also developed to clarify how regional budgets may be used to financially support communal scale systems involving engagement with the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Development Finance Controller (BPKP) and other national stakeholders (documented in Part 2 of the report). At the local level two case study cities (Kota Bogor and Kabupaten Bantaeng) which are progressive in their support to communal scale sanitation were examined. This involved participatory workshops with government and community (45 participants in total) and follow-up interviews.

The project was undertaken from August to December 2016 as a collaboration between ISF-UTS, the Centre for Regulation, Policy and Governance, Universitas Ibn Khaldun Bogor (CRPG) and Asosiasi KSM Sanitasi Seluruh Indonesia (AKSANSI), with Bappenas as the Government of Indonesia partner.

Increasing local government responsibility for communal scale sanitation Part 1: Review of national program guidelines and two city case studies

This document outlines the research approach and background that informed the Guideline on ABPD budgeting for community-based sanitation infrastructure whose assets are not owned by the government” (Guideline). The Guideline was created because local governments (Pemda)– in spite of their commitment to support the operation and maintenance of communal scale sanitation are reluctant and apprehensive about funding these wastewater services. The uncertainty– as to whether a particular budget line items can be used– is due to the view that Pemda could not fund the operation and maintenance of assets that it does not own. While this view is correct, the research shows that Pemda can still contribute to the operation and maintenance of infrastructure services that it does not own through the use of various budget line items.

Prakarsa Compendium - The Legacy
Gender Equality in the IndII Program

The Indonesia Infrastructure Initiative (IndII) is coming to a close and a new infrastructure facility is being designed. The overall purpose of this gender review is to provide a final evaluation of the effectiveness of IndII’s approach to addressing gender equality and women’s empowerment in Phase II and to reflect on achievements, challenges and opportunities. Recommendations and lessons learnt are to provide ideas about how to better integrate gender equality in the design and implementation of the new facility, Kemitraan Indonesia Australia Untuk Infrastruktur (KIAT), and for other infrastructure programs in the future.