Flooding is a widespread and devastating natural disaster across the globe. It is ranked as the worst natural disaster in the UK with annual flood damage estimated at about £ 1.5 billion and is expected to increase to £3.5 million over the next few years according to the Association of British Insurers. The floods that took place in the last decade in China were ranked the worst among recorded floods worldwide in terms of the number of human fatalities and economic losses. The massive flooding that occurred in Queensland and Victoria in Australia during February and March 2011 was the worst for over 35 years and are estimated to have caused billions of dollars worth of damage.

Sanitation Infrastructure Enhancement Grants Stage 2 – Implementation and Monitoring

Activity 222 was designed to encourage local governments (LGs) to increase their investment level and rate in urban sanitation related infrastructure, and thereby improve both solid waste and waste water collection and treatment levels of service within their urban areas.

The essence of the project is that LGs, subject to meeting a number of conditions, would be provided with a grant, to be used on sanitation infrastructure. The amount of the grant was determined based on the LG’s level of previous year’s investment in sanitation activities and facilities using the LG’s own discretionary funds. They also had to commit to spending “matching funds” (MF) to about 50% of the value of the grants. The grants varied from AUD 50,000 to AUD 500,000.

Sanitation Infrastructure Enhancement Grants

The Indonesia Infrastructure Initiative (IndII) has allocated up to AU$6 million to be applied towards Sanitation Infrastructure Enhancement Grants or IEGs. The IEGs are intended to enhance the efficiency and service delivery of existing infrastructure. In the broader application of the IEGs for sanitation this purpose is taken to include the expansion of sanitation coverage through the increased provision of sanitation facilities.

The channeling of assistance for IEGs uses two combined mechanisms: (i) Output based financing of municipal infrastructure implemented by local government in year 2010; and, (ii) joint financing of municipal infrastructure to be implemented by local government in year 2011.

Australia Indonesia Infrastructure Grants for Municipal Sanitation

Sanitation in Indonesia lags significantly behind its ASEAN neighbours. UNDP data shows improved sanitation facilities cover 67 percent of the urban population while some 9 percent use shared facilities, 8 percent use unimproved facilities, and an estimated 16 percent practice open defecation. Municipal services for solid waste sector are equally poor. Less than 50 percent of the household waste is disposed of in landfills, and very few landfills are operated in accordance with good sanitary disposal practice. Efforts to increase basic sanitation coverage are being set back by population growth, as investments in facilities have failed to keep pace with the growth in urban population.

Capacity Building for Banjarmasin, Balikpapan, and Surakarta Wastewater System Expansion under the Sanitation Hibah

AECOM Indonesia has been assigned to deliver the services of capacity building for Banjarmasin, Balikpapan, and Surakarta Wastewater Expansion under the Indonesia Infrastructure Initiative (IndII) Water and Sanitation Hibah program. The technical assistance for capacity building is a key component of the sanitation hibah which is primarily targeted to develop adequate expertise and skills within the sewerage operations authorities of sanitation hibah cities. The developed expertise and skills will support a sustainable benefit of the sanitation hibah grant for the improvement of sanitation levels and reduction of environmental pollution in the served households and neighborhoods as final beneficiaries.

The capacity building for Banjarmasin, Balikpapan and Surakarta Wastewater Expansion program will consist of a program of technical, institutional, financial, construction management, construction supervision, and community development within 7.5 months of activities. The capacity building program has been started since 15 November 2010 and will end on 30 June 2011.