The Integrated Urban Road Safety Project (IURSP) requires a systematic approach to the development of a program to most effectively deliver road safety outcomes. This report describes an integrated approach to safety around schools using Safe System thinking. This is a challenge to traditional thinking because it looks at how the road system works as a whole with interactions of various parts including the infrastructure, vehicles, road users and travel speeds. At its core is the principle that the system should manage the traffic so that no crashes that cause serious injuries to users should occur. It recognises that engineering needs to understand both the human factors involved in using the infrastructure as well as how the energy of the system can be managed if human or machine errors occur.
This report describes the parts of the system that need to be considered for safety around schools, illustrates some effective approaches and discusses some that need reconsideration because a systems approach has not been considered.
The key issues with safety around schools are that the main users we need to protect, children, have physical vulnerabilities and may not have the skills to avoid risks in the road environment. This is a case where deeper understanding and consideration of road safety countermeasures need to be explored. Throughout this report this can be seen in terms of Safer Speeds, Safer Roads, Safer Road Users combined with effective road safety coordination and management.
This report discusses how ZOSS (Zona Selamat Sekolah, or Safe Route to School) crossings will not be successful unless they are considered as part of an integrated approach. The engineering design of ZOSS is not what is being questioned. It provides adequate delineation, but it has not considered its interaction within the system and how road users will respond to it. A large rollout of ZOSS without consideration of speed environments, other traffic calming changes to road user legislation and significant promotional campaigns and enforcement, will not be successful. In the wrong locations it risks costing more lives. There are alternatives as described in this report which can be used effectively with more predictable and positive results.