Increasing local government responsibility for communal scale sanitation Part 2: Using Regional Budget (APBD) to support post-construction sustainability of communal sanitation

The research focused on the national and local levels. At the national level, a review was undertaken of the program guidelines for SANIMAS (communal scale sanitation) including engagement with the Ministry of Public Works. Guidance was also developed to clarify how regional budgets may be used to financially support communal scale systems involving engagement with the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Development Finance Controller (BPKP) and other national stakeholders (documented in Part 2 of the report). At the local level two case study cities (Kota Bogor and Kabupaten Bantaeng) which are progressive in their support to communal scale sanitation were examined. This involved participatory workshops with government and community (45 participants in total) and follow-up interviews.

The project was undertaken from August to December 2016 as a collaboration between ISF-UTS, the Centre for Regulation, Policy and Governance, Universitas Ibn Khaldun Bogor (CRPG) and Asosiasi KSM Sanitasi Seluruh Indonesia (AKSANSI), with Bappenas as the Government of Indonesia partner.

Increasing local government responsibility for communal scale sanitation Part 1: Review of national program guidelines and two city case studies

This document outlines the research approach and background that informed the Guideline on ABPD budgeting for community-based sanitation infrastructure whose assets are not owned by the government” (Guideline). The Guideline was created because local governments (Pemda)– in spite of their commitment to support the operation and maintenance of communal scale sanitation are reluctant and apprehensive about funding these wastewater services. The uncertainty– as to whether a particular budget line items can be used– is due to the view that Pemda could not fund the operation and maintenance of assets that it does not own. While this view is correct, the research shows that Pemda can still contribute to the operation and maintenance of infrastructure services that it does not own through the use of various budget line items.

EIA for sewerage in 3 cities

Grants for city sewerage systems are a major component of the Water Supply and Sanitation Program of the Indonesia Infrastructure Initiative (IndII). IndII prepared wastewater management master plans for eight cities across Indonesia. Detailed engineering design was subsequently funded by IndII for three of these cities. IndII also provided funding for the environmental compliance assessments and relocation studies for these three cities. The Activity involved the preparation of environmental assessments related to the construction and operation of off-site sewerage systems in three Indonesian cities: Palembang in South Sumatra, Makassar in South Sulawesi and Cimahi in West Java. The Activity also included the preparation and implementation of the LARP for the City of Palembang.